LME reference prices

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The LME publishes a set of daily reference prices that are used the world over by industrial and financial participants for referencing, hedging, physical settlement, contract negotiations, margining and portfolio evaluations. Based on some of the most liquid trading sessions of the day, LME prices are good indicators of where the market is at any point in time.

For information about how the European Benchmarks Regulation applies to the LME and the prices that is publishes, please see our European Benchmarks Regulation page.

LME reference prices

The LME Official and Settlement, Unofficial and Closing Prices are all based in whole (or largely) on trading activity on the Ring. The LME Asian Reference Price is calculated using the volume-weighted average of trades transacted on LMEselect during the most liquid period of Asian trading hours.

Price convergence 

The fact that LME futures can be physically settled plays a vital role in ensuring price convergence with the physical metals industry, ensuring that our prices properly reflect global supply and demand.

Price discovery and referencing

Price discovery is one of the most important functions of the LME. The prices discovered on the LME are used the world over as the reference price for physical negotiations.

As part of its Business Continuity, and in line with BMR requirements, LME Notice 21/041 sets out alternative pricing and trading arrangements. As part of these Business Continuity plans and as referenced by the Notice, the Minimum Volume Requirement (MVR) Thresholds, Minimum Visible Volume Requirements (“MVVR”) and rounding protocols are set out in this document.